Contentious Challenges and Government Responses in Latin America
Political Research Quarterly
This article examines how seven Latin American governments responded to 827 contentious political challenges. The research goes beyond most previous research by considering four governmental responses: concession, repression, toleration, and the combination of concession and repression. The results show that challengers can increase their chances of winning concessions by making limited demands and utilizing nonviolent occupations and hunger strikes. Violent challenges are ineffective and tend to result in repression. Governments also tend to offer concessions under democratic regimes or when they have recently been criticized for human rights abuses while also receiving substantial foreign aid and investment.
Franklin, James C., "Contentious Challenges and Government Responses in Latin America" (2009). Politics & Government Faculty Work. 9.
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